Food Stamp Requirements and Time Limits (ABAWDS)

Food Stamp Work Requirements and Time Limits (ABAWDS)

 

Who is subject to requirement?

Regular Work Program Requirement Three-Month Time Limit
All participants from ages 16 to 60, unless exempt. All participants from ages 18 to 50 without disabilities who do not live with a child.

Who is exempt?

Regular Work Program Requirement Three-Month Time Limit
• People younger than 16 or older than 60
• 16- and 17-year-olds who are not heads   of households
• People physically or mentally unfit for     work as defined by the state food stamp   agency
• Caregivers of children under the age of     six, or incapacitated people
• People complying with Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) work requirements
• Recipients of unemployment compensation
• Regular participants of drug addiction or alcoholic treatment and rehabilitation programs
• People working 30 hours per week or earning weekly wages equal to the federal minimum wage multiplied by 30
• People under 18 or older than 50 years     of age
• People physically or mentally unfit for   work as defined by the state food stamp   agency
• People who live in households with at least one child
• People working at least 20 hours per week in exchange for money, goods or services; as part of a program run by the state; in a volunteer capacity, or a combination
• Pregnant women
• People exempt from the regular work program requirements

How is Physical or Mental Unfitness for Employment is Defined?

Regular Work Program Requirement Three-Month Time Limit
• State agency defines physical or mental fitness for employment, to be no less restrictive than the state’s TANF program • Receiving temporary or permanent disability benefits from government or private sources
• Obviously physically or mentally unfit for work as determined by the state agency
• If unfitness not obvious, medical professional or social worker statement determines

How Compliance is Defined?

Regular Work Program Requirement Three-Month Time Limit
• Register for work or be registered by state agency when applying and every 12 months afterward
• Participate in employment, training and work activities assigned by state agency
• Provide state agency with sufficient information regarding employment status or availability for work
• Accept a bona fide offer of suitable employment
• Refrain from quitting a job of 30 or more hours a week without good cause
• Maintain work effort for at least 30 hours a week
• Participants must find, participate in, and provide documentation of an acceptable work activity
• Activities include work in exchange for money, goods or services, volunteer work, or work programs run by the state
• State agency does not have to provide an activity

Number of Hours Required

Regular Work Program Requirement Three-Month Time Limit
• People assigned to participate in employment, training and work activities need to complete 120 hours monthly or hours equal to the value of their food stamps divided by the federal minimum wage (whichever is lower) • 80 hours per month or, in the case of workfare, the number of hours equal to the value of their food stamps divided by the federal minimum wage

Acceptable Employment and Training Activities

Regular Work Program Requirement Three-Month Time Limit
• Job training programs
• Educational programs
• Self-employment program
• Paid employment
• Work in exchange for food (workfare)
• Job search program
• Job search training program
• Job training programs
• Educational programs
• Self-employment program
• Paid employment
• Work in exchange for food (workfare)
• Job search or job search training program, limited to no more than 40 hours per month

Penalty for Not Complying

Regular Work Program Requirement Three-Month Time Limit
• People assigned to participate in employment, training and work activities who get off track are disqualified until they comply, but not less than:
o 1st offense: 1 month
o 2nd offense: 3 months
o 3rd offense: 6 months
• Participants only eligible for food stamps for three months in a 36-month period.

Sources: Training Policy in Brief: SNAP Employment and Training Program, National Skills Coalition, November 2014; 7 U.S.C. §2015 (2016); 7 C.F.R. § 273.7, 273.24 (2017); Georgia Online Directives Information System (ODIS) of the Georgia Department of Human Services (DHS) Food Stamps (SNAP) Section 3380.

 

 

 

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